Archive for the ‘Aperture’ Category

MYN – Clubtail exuvia (possible G. vastus)

February 21, 2020

An odonate exuvia was collected from the concrete boat ramp at Riverbend Park, Fairfax County, Virginia USA. This individual is a member of Family Gomphidae (Clubtails), possibly Cobra Clubtail (Gomphurus vastus).

The specimen was photographed against a pure white background (255, 255, 255) using the “Meet Your Neighbours” (MYN) technique.

The first photograph was especially challenging to shoot. The camera viewpoint and the beam of light used to backlight the “stage” were at a nearly 90° angle, relative to each other, with the net result that the light level fell below pure white toward the background. The work-around that I used is less than elegant and needs to be refined. Any suggestions?

27 MAY 2017 | Riverbend Park | Clubtail exuvia (face-head-dorsal view)

Although the next photo appeared in my last blog post, this version was rotated slightly for a more pleasing appearance than the last iteration.

27 MAY 2017 | Riverbend Park | Clubtail exuvia (dorsal view)

The last photo is focused on the thorax in order to provide a relatively clear view of the prementum. Notice the specimen has a flat labium that doesn’t cover the face (not mask-like), as shown in the first photo. This field mark indicates the exuvia is from either Family Aeshnidae (Darners) or Family Gomphidae (Clubtails). Other field marks, including club-like antennae and the shape of the body, indicate this individual is a species of clubtail.

27 MAY 2017 | Riverbend Park | Clubtail exuvia (ventral view)

Related Resource: Gomphurus vastus exuvia, an identification guide by Walter Sanford featuring annotated images.

Copyright © 2020 Walter Sanford. All rights reserved.

MYN – Clubtail exuvia (dorsal)

February 19, 2020

An odonate exuvia was collected from the concrete boat ramp at Riverbend Park, Fairfax County, Virginia USA. This individual appears to be a member of Family Gomphidae (Clubtails), possibly Cobra Clubtail (Gomphurus vastus).

27 MAY 2017 | Riverbend Park | Clubtail exuvia (dorsal view)

The specimen was photographed against a pure white background using the “Meet Your Neighbours” (MYN) technique.

Related Resource: Gomphurus vastus exuvia, an identification guide by Walter Sanford featuring annotated images.

Copyright © 2020 Walter Sanford. All rights reserved.

MYN – Cicada exuvia

February 17, 2020

An Annual/Periodical Cicada (Family Cicadidae) exuvia was collected from a wooden kayak rack near the concrete boat ramp at Riverbend Park, Fairfax County, Virginia USA.

The specimen was photographed against a pure white background using the “Meet Your Neighbours” (MYN) technique.

27 MAY 2017 | Riverbend Park | cicada exuvia (face-head-dorsal)

Notice the proboscis between the cicada’s two large front legs, as shown in the preceding photo. I’ve seen zillions of cicada exuviae but never noticed a proboscis. Macro photography. It’s good thing!

27 MAY 2017 | Riverbend Park | cicada exuvia (dorsal view)

27 MAY 2017 | Riverbend Park | cicada exuvia (dorsallateral view)

27 MAY 2017 | Riverbend Park | cicada exuvia (dorsallateral view)

The proboscis is plainly visible in the following photo. (Look between the base of the two front legs.)

27 MAY 2017 | Riverbend Park | cicada exuvia (ventral view)

In situ Photographs

Which photo set do you thinks looks more interesting, the Meet Your Neighbours style photographs or the more traditional style of nature photography? In my opinion, the winner is clear!

Related Resources

What are the take-aways?

Based upon the table of “broods” featured in the Wikipedia page listed under Related Resources, I’m thinking the cicada exuvia that I collected during 2017 is more likely an annual cicada than a periodical cicada. For what it’s worth, no evidence of a mass emergence of cicadas was observed.

Copyright © 2020 Walter Sanford. All rights reserved.

What is it?

February 14, 2020

Ladies and gentlemen, boys and girls, children of all ages — it’s time for another exciting episode of “What is it?” Well, what is shown in the following photograph? If you think you know what it is, then please leave a comment. The answer will be provided in a post update.

27 MAY 2017 | Riverbend Park | What is it?

Post Update: Behold the humble cicada exuvia!

Copyright © 2020 Walter Sanford. All rights reserved.

What is it?

February 7, 2020

It’s time for another exciting edition of “What is it?” Well, what is shown in the following photograph? If you think you know what it is, then please leave a comment. The answer will be provided in a post update.

03 FEB 2020 | Occoquan Regional Park | What is it?

Post Update

Congratulations to the two readers who correctly identified the mantis ootheca shown in the preceding photo! (See Comments/Responses, below.)

This is a Chinese Mantis (Tenodera sinensis) egg case, as indicated by the distinctive roundish shape of the ootheca. Chinese Mantis is a non-native species.

Copyright © 2020 Walter Sanford. All rights reserved.

Skunk cabbage flowers

February 5, 2020

The following photo gallery shows skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus) flowers in a forest seep located at Occoquan Regional Park (ORP), Fairfax County, Virginia USA.

This is ideal habitat for Gray Petaltail dragonfly (Tachopteryx thoreyi) larvae, and in fact, numerous adult “Grays” have been observed along a sunny trail near this location. Seeps are home for some species of larvae from Family Cordulegastridae (Spiketails) as well.

03 FEB 2020 | ORP | forest seep, with skunk cabbage flowers

03 FEB 2020 | ORP | forest seep, with skunk cabbage flowers

03 FEB 2020 | ORP | forest seep, with skunk cabbage flowers

03 FEB 2020 | ORP | forest seep, with skunk cabbage flowers

The last photo shows the same location during early Summer 2019. The plant with broad green leaves is skunk cabbage.

01 JUN 2019 | ORP | forest seep, with skunk cabbage

The following quote is perhaps the best description of a forest seep that I’ve read.

[Some] small tributaries … have their sources in numerous woodland seeps. While a few of these perennial springs bubble up out of the ground, most arise in moist hillside patches with lots of decaying leaf litter and luxuriant stands of skunk cabbage. Source Credit: White, Harold B., III. Natural History of Delmarva Dragonflies and Damselflies (Cultural Studies of Delaware and the Eastern Shore) (Kindle Locations 1213-1215). University Press Copublishing Division. Kindle Edition.

Related Resource: Skunk Cabbage: First Flower of the Year… by Alonso Abugattas, Capital Naturalist blog. The blog post includes an embedded link to an informative video by Mr. Abugattas: Capital Naturalist: Skunk Cabbage Blooming (3:58).

Copyright © 2020 Walter Sanford. All rights reserved.

MYN – Tramea sp. exuvia (ventral)

February 3, 2020

An odonate exuvia, collected by Andy Davidson near Richmond, Virginia USA, was photographed against a pure white background using the “Meet Your Neighbours” (MYN) technique. Two photos were used to create a composite image: one photo focused on the prementum; and another photo focused on abdominal segment eight (S8).

This individual is from the Genus Tramea (Saddlebags), in the Family Libellulidae (Skimmers). Since it’s nearly impossible to differentiate exuviae from the Genus Tramea to the species level, we’ll leave its identity as Tramea sp. It’s the same specimen featured in my last three blog posts: MYN – Tramea sp. exuvia (face-head-dorsal)MYN – Tramea sp. exuvia (dorsal); MYN – Tramea sp. exuvia (dorsal-lateral).

Tech Tips

The subject was photographed against a pure white background using the “Meet Your Neighbours” (MYN) technique. The exuvia was “staged” on a clear plastic surface raised ~1.5 in (~3.81 cm) above the white background.

The dorsal side of the specimen was lying on the clear plastic. The “eyes” were closer to the light source than all other photos/composite images in a four-part series of this subject; as a result, the eyes look washed out. I know from experience that problem can be solved by moving the clear plastic stage farther from the white background.

In this case, I was less concerned about showing the eyes in their best light and more concerned about looking for signs of sex organs that indicate gender. I don’t see anything that looks like either vestigial genitalia (male) or a rudimentary ovipositor (female).

Copyright © 2020 Walter Sanford. All rights reserved.

MYN – Tramea sp. exuvia (dorsal-lateral)

January 31, 2020

An odonate exuvia, collected by Andy Davidson near Richmond, Virginia USA, was photographed against a pure white background using the “Meet Your Neighbours” (MYN) technique. Two photos were used to create a composite image: one photo focused on the thorax, near the left eye; and another photo focused on abdominal segment eight (S8).

This individual is from the Genus Tramea (Saddlebags), in the Family Libellulidae (Skimmers). Since it’s nearly impossible to differentiate exuviae from the Genus Tramea to the species level, we’ll leave its identity as Tramea sp. It’s the same specimen featured in my last two blog posts: MYN – Tramea sp. exuvia (face-head-dorsal); MYN – Tramea sp. exuvia (dorsal).

What are the take-aways?

I have been wondering whether the MYN technique could be used to create focus-stacked composite images. Wonder no more — it works and the results are worth the extra effort.

Copyright © 2020 Walter Sanford. All rights reserved.

MYN – Tramea sp. exuvia (face-head-dorsal)

January 29, 2020

An odonate exuvia, collected by Andy Davidson near Richmond, Virginia USA, was photographed against a pure white background using the “Meet Your Neighbours” (MYN) technique.

This individual is from the Genus Tramea (Saddlebags), in the Family Libellulidae (Skimmers). Since it’s nearly impossible to differentiate exuviae from the Genus Tramea to the species level, we’ll leave its identity as Tramea sp. It is the same specimen featured in my last blog post.

Tramea sp. | exuvia (face-head-dorsal)

Related Resource: Tramea carolina exuvia.

Tech Tips

The subject was photographed against a pure white background using the “Meet Your Neighbours” (MYN) technique. The exuvia was “staged” on a clear plastic surface raised ~1.5 in (~3.81 cm) above the white background.

If you look at the “Categories” shown below this blog post, then you will see three external flash units listed: Canon MT-26EX-RT Macro Twin Lite; Godox TT685C; and Godox TT685F. In fact, either one or two flashes at a time are used during a typical MYN photoshoot. The Godox TT685C is always on; it’s used to backlight the white plastic background. Sometimes the TT685C is the only flash that fires; other times I will use either the Canon Macro Twin Lite or Godox TT685F for fill flash.

Although the EXIF Info says “Flash fired” there is no way to tell which flash(es) fired and their power ratio(s). In a way, that’s a good thing because it forces me to pick the best image from a set of photos regardless of how many flashes were used to light the subject. In this case, the Godox TT685C was set for a power ratio of 1/2 +0.3 power; the Godox TT685F was set for 1/256; and the Canon Macro Twin Lite was set for 1/512.

More information about both the photo gear that I used to shoot this photo, as well as detailed practical advice for using the MYN technique is available in the following blog post: MYN – Hagenius brevistylus exuvia (dorsal).

Copyright © 2020 Walter Sanford. All rights reserved.

MYN – Tramea sp. exuvia (dorsal)

January 27, 2020

An odonate exuvia, collected by Andy Davidson near Richmond, Virginia USA, was photographed against a pure white background using the “Meet Your Neighbours” (MYN) technique.

This individual is from the Genus Tramea (Saddlebags), in the Family Libellulidae (Skimmers). Since it’s nearly impossible to differentiate exuviae from the Genus Tramea to the species level, we’ll leave its identity as Tramea sp.

Related Resource: Tramea carolina exuvia.

Tech Tips

The subject was photographed against a pure white background using the “Meet Your Neighbours” (MYN) technique. The exuvia was “staged” on a clear plastic surface raised ~1.5 in (~3.81 cm) above the white background.

The image is uncropped, that is full frame for a Fujifilm X-T1 APS-C sensor (4896 x 3264 pixels).

Information about both the photo gear that I used to shoot this photo, as well as detailed practical advice for using the MYN technique is available in the following blog post: MYN – Hagenius brevistylus exuvia (dorsal).

Copyright © 2020 Walter Sanford. All rights reserved.


%d bloggers like this: